In the previous article, we overviewed different species of aquatic plants, considering the place where they should be planted and grow. Meanwhile, in this article, we aim to go into details about how to plant and grow aquatic plants. In this topic, we’ll discuss about the minimum requirements of setting up a beautiful planted aquarium. In order to set up an aquarium, some points are clear and necessary, which being totally aware of biological conditions and required ecosystem for growing and survival of Species of animals and plants are the most significant components. In the following, and after a brief introduction, we’ll make an effort to explain these functions and methods.
Introduction: like other plants, aquatic plants are the vital section of an ecosystem. In addition to absorbing carbon-dioxide of the aquarium, they also help in cleaning the environment of an aquarium. Of course, the much attention which planted aquariums have received in recent years is because of much more reasons and it is not only containing these two natural functions. Their brilliant beauty will tempt all people, even non-professionals, to have one of these aquariums at their home. On the other hand, in contrary to common beliefs, the high price is not the only reason that would discourage people to have one of these beautiful planted aquariums. It is true that running a fancy aquarium needs more money than a typical one, but that is the aquarium’s caring which discourages people. A nonprofessional individual, after spending money will have a beautiful aquarium in line with the ones needs, but after a while, due to the lack of knowledge about how to maintain aquatic plants, the ecosystem will be disorganized and plants will lose their former beauty. Among most
common issues, stem and root decays, disproportionate growth of plants, or even death of plants, the need of more attention could be mentioned. This reason is the most important reason which discourages people to set up a planted aquarium. In the following, we attempted to deal with methods of preparing cultivation field, an appropriate filtering of a planted aquarium, and strategies to exposure them.
1. Preparing required cultivation field to plant, grow and nourish aquatic plants:
As we mentioned before, you have to plant and maintain aquatic plants exactly in line with general principles of plants’ maintenance. Therefore, we discuss about preparing cultivation field, at first. Most of the aquatic plants, even those which called mid-ground aquatic plants, have roots in the beds and absorb minerals from there. To provide an appropriate cultivation field, you’ll need simplest items such as standard pebble and gravel. Aquatic plants can propagate easily in gravel, but the reason to use standard and glossy pebbles is that, if we use only gravel, it will become rigid and watertight after a while. In addition, using typical pebbles with sharp angles will damage stems and roots. Therefore, you are recommended to consult with experts when you want to choose and buy your cultivation filed. perhaps, today, reliable brands are providing pre-made cultivation fields which include required nutrients for growth of aquatic plants in addition to a mixture of gravel and pebble. And the last thing that you should take into account is to consider an appropriate slope for planting smaller and bigger plants when pouring down the cultivation field.
2. Feeding, composting and delivering nutrients to Aquarium plants:
Aquatic plants need different minerals such as Carbon, Phosphorus, Copper, Zinc, Iron, etc. But it’s not needed to deliver these minerals to them daily. The provided cultivation field includes many of these minerals, and by propagating of plants, they will feed plants. Furthermore, aquatic plants can receive these minerals from water through their leaf and stems. Many of these exists in excretion and remained food of your aquarium fishes. So, having an aquarium with an appropriate ecosystem which is designed and conducted in a standard way can respond automatically to the needs of your aquatic plants. Besides, if you use pre-made gravel and/or reliable compost of the market, they’ll gradually deliver nutrients to be used by aquatic plants. If you want to grow and nourish your plants faster, using water-soluble composts which will results in more lushness and health of plants.
3- Appropriate lighting and exposure
Plants’ need for lightning is crucial and, inappropriate exposure to aquatic plants is one of the main reasons that customers are unsatisfied with their aquarium’s conditions. So, if you want to buy and maintain a planted aquarium, you should be serious about providing an appropriate lightning source. Absence of appropriate lighting in a planted aquarium can easily waste your time and money in only few days. Certainly, daylight is the best lightning source for plants. It has numerous advantages, but its deficiencies and risks can be also destructive. Relying only on daylight and continuous exposure of aquarium by daylight will lead to growing unwanted alga in addition to raising aquarium’s temperature over standard. On the contrary, using only typical home lightings like fluorescent lamps and energy saving lamps can merely have beauty aspect and, certainly, it won’t be applicable. One simple but important thing about appropriate light in aquariums that should be taken into account is this: Task of light in aquariums is not only to provide lightning and warmth. Plants and fishes in aquariums need light which can provide them with necessary and crucial spectrums. Thus, the benefit from experts’ guidance and experiences is to choose the best light, because each aquarium, whether planted or not. Also, regarding to animates and required ecosystem, needs light with an appropriate wavelength, and other crucial factors. On the other hand, when choosing the light for your aquarium, take the volume and dimensions of your aquarium into account.
In this article, we attempted to inform you about minimum requirements of setting up a simple planted aquarium. But running and maintaining such aquariums, because of diversity in the arrangement of such aquariums and broadness of plants’ necessities, enough experience and scientific background are required. We’ll be glad to offer you a technical consultation if needed. Read our next article which is about minimum requirements to set up an appropriate planted aquarium.
To get more information about aquatic plants of Iran and the methods which are used for nourishment and maintenance of those plants, read our other articles as well.